Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of skin, hair and nail diseases
Your dermatologists in Wiesbaden
Modern dermatology is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of all diseases of the skin, hair and nails. Due to persistent itching, pain, inflammation and their visibility for the environment, these often represent a particular burden for those affected.
It is our concern to provide you with the fastest possible relief, to prevent new outbreaks of disease and to support the healing process as best as possible. As specialists, we are happy to advise you and create a therapy concept tailored to your needs. Continuous training guarantees you treatments based on the current state of research and science.
Acne and Rosacea:
Acne is the most common skin disease worldwide and affects 75% – 90% of all adolescents. The sebum gland and hair follicles are affected. Non-inflammatory and inflammatory skin changes in the form of papules, lumps and pustules appear on the face and especially in the forehead area.
Rosacea manifests itself in patchy, sometimes scaly redness, papules and pustules and sometimes also swelling of the facial skin. The disease begins insidiously and usually shows itself in full between the ages of 40 and 50. In men in particular, bulb-like growths on the nose can develop later.
Atopic eczema (neurodermatitis):
Neurodermatitis (also known as “atopic dermatitis”) is a chronic, non-contagious, inflammatory and constitutional skin disease that often begins in childhood. The disease runs in bouts and alternates with few or symptom-free periods. Typical locations are the bends of the joints, in small children also the scalp and face (“cradle cap”). The skin is dry, red, inflamed and very itchy.
Benign skin tumors:
Benign skin tumors are new formations of skin, fat, nerves or muscle tissue. They are usually discovered in connection with routine examinations and removed either for aesthetic considerations or because their growth affects other tissues or organs in their function. The most common benign lumps on the skin include lipoma (fatty tissue growth), fibroma (soft, connective tissue growth), atheroma (sebum cyst), blood sponges, age warts and most birthmarks (nevus cell nevi).
Malignant skin tumors:
Malignant tumors of the skin are the most common cancers worldwide. Around 140,000 new cases are reported in Germany every year. The trigger for the disease is often the increasing exposure to UV rays. Malignant skin tumors can be divided into three different categories:
- Basalioma (basal cell carcinoma) (white skin cancer): Basaliomas are mainly found in sun-exposed areas such as the face. They slowly grow in width and depth and destroy the surrounding tissue, but do not form daughter tumors (metastases). With the surgical removal of the tumor, the disease is usually over. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) can also help.
- Spinalioma (squamous cell carcinoma) (white skin cancer): The spinalioma is usually found in the top layer of the skin. Uninhibited growth destroys the surrounding tissue to a considerable extent. Removal at an early stage can prevent metastases. Actinic keratoses, i.e. reddened, flaky and keratinized and dry skin areas, are known as a preliminary stage. There are numerous therapeutic options for stopping the transition to a malignant stage says the best skin specialist delhi.
- Malignant melanoma (black skin cancer): Malignant melanoma is a particularly malignant form of skin cancer. It starts from pigment cells (melanocytes and nevus cells) and can appear as flat, nodular or flat skin changes. In almost all cases, surgical removal is the first treatment option. Form of therapy. If detected early, there is a good chance of recovery. Many melanomas are discovered by the patients themselves because a melanoma looks like an “ugly duckling” among all the other pigment spots!
One speaks of pigmentation disorders when the formation of the substances that give the skin its natural color is disturbed. As a result, the skin can be thicker, weaker or not colored at all.
- Hyperpigmentation: means that the skin is colored too strongly, for example due to hormonal disorders, freckles, residual pigmentation after inflammatory processes and suntan.
- Hypopigmentation: here the skin lacks the normal level of coloration. One example is white spot disease (vitiligo), a non-contagious autoimmune disease that attacks and destroys pigment cells, leaving white areas of skin all over the body.
- Depigmentation: here the pigmentation is completely absent. In so-called albinism, there is no pigmentation in the skin, hair and eyes.
Exanthema is any form of a large and usually uniform skin rash. The causes can be allergic, toxic, drug-induced, infectious or bacterial in nature. Therapy depends on the origin of the rash.
Eczema is a disorder of the skin, usually in the form of redness and flaking. Itching often occurs. Eczema can only be assigned to a specific disease through diagnosis.
Bacterial skin diseases:
Bacteria such as B. staphylococci, streptococci, or others can infect the skin and cause eczema and red sores.
Viral skin diseases:
The skin is usually well protected against the penetration of pathogens. However, if the immune system is weakened, viruses can colonize and cause various pathological skin symptoms. The viral diseases mentioned below are particularly common.
- Warts: There are many different types of wart virus. Most of them are harmless.
- Herpes simplex: After the initial illness, the virus is “dumb” in the body and is only activated in stressful situations, during pregnancy, a weakened immune system, UV radiation or feverish infections. Common locations are the face and genital region. The disease manifests itself as densely packed vesicles about 1 cm in diameter with purulent-bloody crusts.
- Shingles (zoster): Shingles can only develop if you had chickenpox in your childhood. The disease is accompanied by burning pain, fever and a one-sided, belt-shaped rash in the form of pea-sized, blood-filled blisters on a reddish background. The nerves of the thoracic and lumbar spine are often affected. Symptoms can take up to a month to resolve, leaving scars and pigmentation disorders.
Fungal skin diseases:
Skin fungi are among the inflammatory diseases. They like to appear in skin folds and in warm and humid surroundings and can affect different parts of the body as well as the nails. They are usually highly contagious. Common fungal diseases are:
- Head fungus mostly affects children and is often transmitted from pets such as cats, dogs, guinea pigs or hamsters as well as through contact with contaminated objects such as stuffed animals or car seats. Symptoms vary with the type of yeast infection. Hair loss, purulent-oozing surfaces, pain, a cuticle of the scalp and swelling and pressure-sensitive lymph nodes in the neck and head area can indicate a head fungus. The treatment is carried out using anti-fungal drugs.